Subfamily of non-oncogenic retroviruses that cause "slow diseases" that are characterized by horizontal transmission, long incubation periods and chronic progressive phases. Visna virus is in this group, and there are similarities between visna, equine infectious anaemia virus, and HIV.

Dictionary of molecular biology. 2004.

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  • Lentivirinae — Term formerly used to describe a subfamily of nononcogenic viruses (family Retroviridae) that includes the slow viruses of sheep (visna virus and maedi virus) and human T cell lymphotropic viruses, including human immunodeficiency viruses 1 and 2 …   Medical dictionary

  • Лентиви́русы — (Lentivirinae) подсемейство вирусов семейства ретровирусов, включающее вирус висны и родственные ему вирусы; Л. относят к медленным вирусам …   Медицинская энциклопедия

  • Retroviren — Retroviren,   Retroviridae, Familie der Viren mit drei Unterfamilien (Oncovirinae, Spumavirinae, Lentivirinae), die einsträngige RNA als genetisches Material besitzen. Die infektiösen Partikel sind kugelförmig mit einem Durchmesser von etwa 100… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Retrovirus — Taxobox | color = violet name = Retroviruses virus group = vi familia = Retroviridae subdivision ranks = Genera subdivision = Subfamily: Orthoretrovirinae : Alpharetrovirus : Betaretrovirus : Gammaretrovirus : Deltaretrovirus : Epsilonretrovirus …   Wikipedia

  • Visna virus — Virus classification Group: Group VI (ssRNA RT) Family: Retroviridae Subfamily: Orthoretrovirinae …   Wikipedia

  • Ретровирусы — Ретровирусы …   Википедия

  • Retroviridae — Viruses with a single stranded RNA genome (Class VI). On infecting a cell the virus generates a DNA replica by action of its virally coded reverse transcriptase. Oncovirinae are one of three subclasses of retroviruses, the others being… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • slow virus — (1) Specifically one of the Lentivirinae. (2) Any virus causing a disease that has a very slow onset. Diseases such as sub acute spongiform encephalopathy, Aleutian disease of mink, scrapie, kuru, and Creutzfeldt Jacob disease may be caused by… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • Visna-maedi virus — A retrovirus of sheep and goats. A member of the Lentivirinae, related to HIV. First identified in Iceland when it was introduced by sheep imported from Germany, and causes two diseases: maedi, the most common, is a pulmonary infection (maedi is… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • ВИРУСЫ — Схематическое изображение сферического вируса и вируса со спиральной симметрией. Схематическое изображение сферического вируса (а) и вируса со спиральной симметрией (б): 1 — структурная единица, или субъединица; 2 — морфологическая… …   Ветеринарный энциклопедический словарь

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